Understanding Different Types of Fasteners in CNC Machining--cncmass.com(parting line Sara)
- source:ESKRIDGE CNC Machining
In the world of manufacturing, fasteners play a crucial role in holding various components together. Whether it's for constructing machinery or assembling intricate products, understanding the different types of fasteners used in CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machining is essential. This article explores the importance of fasteners, as well as defines and describes some commonly used ones.
Nuts are one of the primary types of fasteners utilized in CNC machining. They have an internal threading that allows them to be joined with bolts or screws. Common nut variations include hex nuts, lock nuts, wing nuts, nylon-insert locknuts, and T-nuts. Hex nuts, also known as hexagonal nuts, are known for their six-sided shape and widespread applicability. Lock nuts, on the other hand, are designed specifically to prevent loosening due to vibrations, making them ideal for heavy machinery.
2. Bolts and Screws:
Bolts and screws are another vital type of fastener. Similar to nuts, they possess external threading that enables them to engage with nuts or tapped holes. While both bolts and screws serve the same purpose, the key difference lies in their applications. Bolts typically feature unthreaded shanks and require the use of a nut for proper assembly. On the contrary, screws can directly be screwed into an object without the need for additional parts.
Washers act as small flat discs placed beneath a nut, bolt, or screw head. Their primary function is to distribute the load evenly over a larger area, preventing damage to surfaces and improving the stability of fastened connections. The two main washer variants are plain washers, which are thin and flat; and spring washers, which are bent in a way that provides tension, reducing the risk of loosening due to vibrations or constant movement.
Rivets are permanent fasteners used when welding or other disassembly methods are not viable options. They consist of a smooth cylindrical body (known as the shank) that is inserted into holes in materials to be joined, and their ends (rivet heads) are then deformed to hold them in place. Blind rivets offer an additional advantage by being installed from one side only, making them perfect for inaccessible areas.
Anchors serve the purpose of affixing objects to concrete, masonry, or drywall where a screw or nail alone would not provide secure attachment. Common anchor types include expansion anchors, toggle bolts, and plastic anchors. Expansion anchors expand inside the material they are installed into, creating a tight grip. Toggle bolts rely on spring-loaded wings that open up once behind the material, offering remarkable strength. Plastic anchors are suitable for lightweight applications and are primarily utilized in non-load bearing scenarios.
CNC machining relies heavily on various types of fasteners to ensure solid connections and assemblies. Understanding the distinctions between nuts, bolts, screws, washers, rivets, and anchors is crucial in designing and manufacturing products efficiently. Each type of fastener serves a specific purpose, ranging from distributing load evenly to offering resistance against vibrations or providing strong attachments within different materials. By leveraging this knowledge, manufacturers can optimize their CNC processes, resulting in reliable and long-lasting products. CNC Milling CNC Machining